LW stood for Long(er) Wheelbase, to accommodate significantly larger wheels and 7.50-20 tyres with a tractor-like profile, with the objective to serve in the jungles of the Pacific theater, after a September 1943 request from the South West Pacific for a truck with payload and mobility over mud and swamps of jungle terrain, superior to that of the regular jeep.  Ford's pre-production model went into production as the "GP", with "G" indicating a "Government" contract, and "P" chosen by Ford to designate a car with a wheelbase of 80 in (203 cm). Most notable was a flat wide hood, adapted from Ford GP.  One of the pictures showed that the vehicle was light enough to be man-handled – four soldiers could lift it from the ground entirely. After WWII, the original jeep continued to serve, in the Korean War and other conflicts, until it was updated in the form of the M38 Willys MC and M38A1 Willys MD (in 1949 and 1952 respectively), and received a complete redesign by Ford in the form of the 1960-introduced M151 jeep.
Similarly, its ambulance version, the M170 (or MDA), featuring a 20-inch wheelbase stretch, was later turned into the civilian CJ-6. More influential perhaps, was the 1943 short propaganda / documentary film The Autobiography of a 'Jeep', by the U.S. Office of War Information, in which the jeep itself literally propagates this origin story of its nickname. Starting from 1951, a new sedan was introduced using the same 2199 cc Jeep engine and manual transmission. Frequently made additions to the standard jeeps were to fit weaponry, communications equipment, medical gear, wire cutters, or rudimentary armor. In Korea, it was mostly deployed in the form of the MB, as well as the M38 and M38A1 (introduced in 1952 and 1953), its direct descendants. The Grateful Dead’s song Sugar Magnolia contains the lyric "Jump like a Willys in four wheel drive". The most extreme concept tried was to turn the jeep into a rotor kite (or gyrokite), similar to an autogyro – the Hafner Rotabuggy (officially Malcolm Rotaplane).  Kaiser created six 1,300–1,400-pound (590–640 kg) prototypes with a 42hp engine, but including some unfavorable design trade-offs. , Already in 1942 industrial designer Brooks Stevens came up with an idea on how to make a civilian car called Victory Car on the Jeep chassis. In 1940, Uncle Sam took delivery of some 8,000 light trucks – all 1⁄2-tons, all Dodge G-505 models. Although no other light jeeps were taken into production, it wasn't for lack of trying. In 1953, it was quickly followed by the M38A1 (or MD), featuring an all-new "round-fendered" body in order to clear the also new, taller, Willys Hurricane engine. December 11, 2014
They performed nimble scout and reconnaissance duty, were frequent ambulances for the wounded, and did hearse service.
Fifteen 6×6 Willys MT(-Tug)s alone were built as "Truck, 3⁄4-ton, 6×6, Tractor", under Ordnance production contract W‑303‑ORD‑4623, production order T6620, and even a maintenance supplement for the "6×6 Willys MB‑Tug" was printed with the 1943 TM10‑1513 technical manual. Around 1940, converted 4WD Minneapolis-Moline tractors, supplied to the U.S. Army as prime movers, were called "jeeps",[nb 11] and Halliburton used the name for an electric logging device, or for a custom built four wheel drive exploration/survey vehicle. Geldhill Road Machinery Company made the 7T1NE plow, an angled single blade, while the JV5.5E was a V-shape design. Further designs were tried with stretched 6-wheel jeeps, but by 1943, the 37mm guns had become largely ineffective against German tanks. Fuel tank on the side of a vintage recovery and tow truck in London, England, UK. Wish List (0) My Account Your Order Checkout.
In 1952, a new overhead valve 3-litre six-cylinder was announced, but was probably never built. Six of the 2-cylinder, 13hp, 1,125-pound (510 kg) Pups were deployed overseas after undergoing tests at Fort Benning, Georgia, but the project was discontinued due to several weak components. There is no consensus among historians as to how the U.S. Army's World War II quarter-ton reconnaissance car became known as the "jeep", let alone how the word originated in the first place. https://www.alamy.com/an-old-blue-1946-ford-tow-truck-on-the-side-of-a-barn-in-noxon-montana-image178956552.html. ", Over flat terrain, the jeep would transport up to, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (1991), "Design by Committee: the Case of the Jeep", "The Story of the Quarter-Ton, The Army's Smallest Car Known as a "Jeep, "Vintage Monday: Marmon-Herrington Trucks; The Jeep's Grandfather", "1916 To 1975 Dodge Diesel Engines - Dodge's First Diesels", Austin, Bantam, and Willys: Birth of the Jeep by Curtis Redgap, Austin, Bantam, and Willys: Birth of the Jeep – Allpar.com, Jeep History Through The Years on Everyman Driver, "Origins Of The Jeep: Birthing A 75-Year Legend", "Invention of the Jeep - Pennsylvania Historical Markers", "Earliest Jeeps Built 75-Years Ago for WWII", Why America's Best World War II 'Weapon' Isn't What You Think It Is, The Jimmy's Ancestry; The CCKW in Detail and The Collector's Syndrome – Bryce Sunderlin in Army Motors #47, p.19, 75th Anniversary of the Original Jeep Patent - IPWatchdog.com – Patents & Patent Law, "Patent 2,278,450: Military Vehicle Body". £14.99 + £9.00 postage.
https://www.alamy.com/vector-illustration-of-a-vintage-tow-wrecker-truck-side-view-set-inside-octgon-done-in-retro-style-image338041038.html, Pale blue restored vintage tow truck with winch and other equipment in working condition, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-pale-blue-restored-vintage-tow-truck-with-winch-and-other-equipment-76228936.html. This ancient Ford tow-truck and old-fashioned petrol pump, abandoned in the countryside, make a vintage scene and memories of a bygone era. The jeep became the primary light wheeled transport vehicle of the United States military and its allies, with President Eisenhower once calling it "one of three decisive weapons the U.S. had during WWII." Before the CJ-5, Willys offered the public a cheaper alternative with the taller F-head, overhead-valve engine, in the form of the 1953 CJ-3B, simply using a CJ-3A body with a taller hood. Though performing well in trials, the T24 was abandoned in the autumn in favor of the M8 & M20 Light Armored Car. [nb 7][nb 8] By then the U.S. armed forces were under such pressure that all three cars were declared acceptable and orders for 1,500 units per company were given for field testing. In the 1950s, production was sporadic, and models built included a station wagon with a Jeep-type 1901 cc engine. The Filipinos stripped down the jeeps to accommodate several passengers, added metal roofs for shade, and decorated the vehicles with vibrant colors and bright chrome hood ornaments. Several other initiatives all used 4.5in rockets and tubes. The Army's Ordnance Technical Committee specifications were equally stringent: the vehicle would be four-wheel drive, have a crew of three on a wheelbase of no more than 75 in (191 cm), later upped to 80 in (203 cm), and track no more than 47 in (119 cm). In early 1941, when the test cars went by names like BRC / "Blitz-Buggy", Ford Pygmy and such, Willys-Overland staged a press event in Washington, D.C., a publicity stunt and Senate photo opportunity demonstrating the car's off-road capability by driving it up and down the U.S. Capitol steps. For the first time, a quarter-ton truck chassis class was introduced, at the bottom of the range, and the 1⁄2-ton category was supplanted by a 3⁄4-ton chassis..
Willys pointed out that every 6×6 'Super Jeep' would save 2,000 lb (910 kg) of steel in building, as well as 40% in fuel usage, compared to the Dodge trucks. https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-vintage-city-of-seattle-fire-department-tow-truck-in-occidental-84385738.html. It was Ford who first designed and implemented the now familiar and distinctive stamped, vertical-slot steel grille into its Jeep vehicles, which was lighter, used fewer resources, and was less costly to produce. , Probst laid out full design drawings for the Bantam prototype, known as the Bantam Reconnaissance Car, or BRC, in just two days, and worked up a cost estimate the next day. Soldiers in the rear seat for gunners were unperturbed. , Eventually, virtually all of the Bantam- and Willys-built jeeps were provided to Britain and Russia, as well as most of the Ford GPs, leaving under 1,000 GPs for the home troops..  The Ford car was then designated "GPW", with the "W" referring to the "Willys" licensed design and engine. For desert cooling, radiator surge tanks were used in North Africa in 1942. Like with the pedestals, troops improvised many gun-holding brackets in the field. Contrary to the larger Dodge WC series, the Willys and Ford jeeps were all the same from factory, and specialization happened only through standardized accessories, field kits and local modifications. Most of the competitors' models were more similar to standard jeeps, just lighter and smaller. Roadside assistance lorry with vintage mini car on white background, https://www.alamy.com/retro-tow-truck-towing-a-small-car-view-from-side-roadside-assistance-lorry-with-vintage-mini-car-on-white-background-image236545259.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-a-vintage-albion-tow-truck-at-the-cromford-steam-engine-rally-2008-19021284.html, A detailed vector illustration of a Vintage World War Two Six Wheeled Army Tow Truck with two cranes painted in desert camouflage isolated on white, https://www.alamy.com/stock-image-a-detailed-vector-illustration-of-a-vintage-world-war-two-six-wheeled-164036983.html. The kit contained flexible hoses for both the exhaust and the air intake, as well as proper waterproofing equipment. Tow trucks at the Cromford Steam Engine Rally 2008. https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-vintage-lorries-tow-trucks-at-the-cromford-steam-engine-rally-2008-18891048.html. A further roughly 13,000 amphibious jeeps were built by Ford under the name GPA (nicknamed "Seep" for "Sea Jeep"). Many jeeps received added armor in the field, especially in Europe in 1944–1945.  The hand-built prototype was then completed in Butler, Pennsylvania, and driven to the Army vehicle test center at Camp Holabird, Maryland. 1940 Ford Coupe.
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